Hybrid Power Systems Energy Management Based on Artificial Intelligence
by Dr. Emad Natsheh
Energy management strategy is one of the important tasks in developing hybrid power system. Hence, this thesis presents a novel adaptive scheme for energy management in stand-alone hybrid power systems. The proposed management system is designed to manage the power flow between the hybrid power system and energy storage elements in order to satisfy the load requirements based on artificial neural network (ANN) and fuzzy logic controllers.
The developed management system performance was assessed using a hybrid system comprises PV panels, wind turbine, battery storage, and proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). To improve the generating performance of the PEMFC and prolong its life, stack temperature is controlled by a fuzzy logic controller.
Moreover, perturb and observe (P&O) algorithm with two different controller techniques – the linear PI and the non-linear passivity-based controller (PBC) – are provided for a comparison with the proposed MPPT controller system. The comparison revealed the robustness of the proposed PV control system for solar irradiance and load resistance changes.
Real-time measured parameters and practical load profiles are used as inputs for the developed management system. The proposed model and its control strategy offer a proper tool for optimizing the hybrid power system performance, such as the one used in smart-house applications.
The research work also led to a new approach in monitoring PV power stations. The monitoring system enables system degradation early detection by calculating the residual difference between the model predicted and the actual measured power parameters. Measurements were taken over 21 month’s period; using hourly average irradiance and cell temperature. Good agreement was achieved between the theoretical simulation and the real time measurement taken the online grid connected solar power plant. With this model it is possible to identify PV generation problems quickly and improve system efficiency and performance.